JupyterLab can be extended in two ways via:
- Extensions (top level): Application extensions extend the functionality of JupyterLab itself, and we cover them in the Extension Developer Guide.
- Document widget extensions (lower level): Document widget extensions extend the functionality of document widgets added to the application, and we cover them in this section.
For this section, the term ‘document’ refers to any visual thing that is backed by a file stored on disk (i.e. uses Contents API).
The Document Registry is where document types and factories are registered. Plugins can require a document registry instance and register their content types and providers.
The Document Manager uses the Document Registry to create models and widgets for documents. The Document Manager is only meant to be accessed by the File Browser itself.
Document widget extensions in the JupyterLab application can register:
- widget factories
- model factories
- widget extension factories
- file types
- file creators
Create a widget for a given file.
- The notebook widget factory that creates NotebookPanel widgets.
Create a model for a given file.
Models are generally differentiated by the contents options used to fetch the model (e.g. text, base64, notebook).
Adds additional functionality to a widget type. An extension instance is created for each widget instance, enabling the extension to add functionality to each widget or observe the widget and/or its context.
- The ipywidgets extension that is created for NotebookPanel widgets.
- Adding a button to the toolbar of each NotebookPanel widget.
Intended for create quick launch file creators.
The default use will be for the “create new” dropdown in the file browser, giving list of items that can be created with default options (e.g. “Python 3 Notebook”).
Created by the model factories and passed to widget factories and widget
extension factories. Models are the way in which we interact with the
data of a document. For a simple text file, we typically only use the
to/fromString() methods. A more complex document like a Notebook
contains more points of interaction like the Notebook metadata.
Created by the Document Manager and passed to widget factories and widget extensions. The context contains the model as one of its properties so that we can pass a single object around.
They are used to provide an abstracted interface to the session and
contents API from
@jupyterlab/services for the given model. They can
be shared between widgets.
The reason for a separate context and model is so that it is easy to create model factories and the heavy lifting of the context is left to the Document Manager. Contexts are not meant to be subclassed or re-implemented. Instead, the contexts are intended to be the glue between the document model and the wider application.
The Document Manager handles:
- document models
- document contexts
The File Browser uses the Document Manager to open documents and manage them.